Graduate University) June 5th is World Environment Day and June 8th is World Oceans Day! OIST invites reporters to a private online briefing with two scientists who are looking at the impacts of climate change through their coral reef research.
Nature Climate Change, Published online: 17 February 2020; doi:10.1038/s41558-020-0699-y Anthropogenic aerosols mask some greenhouse warming via radiation scattering and cloud interactions. Research suggests the economic impact of this aerosol-induced cooling was small globally, although it benefitted developing countries in warm climates and harmed high-latitude developed countries.
Nature Climate Change, Published online: 17 February 2020; doi:10.1038/s41558-020-0713-4 Climate change has led to earlier spring leaf-out in northern temperate and boreal regions. This advanced leaf-out causes warming in the Northern Hemisphere due to the combined effects of water vapour, cloud and snow-albedo feedbacks on the surface energy budget.
Nature Climate Change, Published online: 17 February 2020; doi:10.1038/s41558-020-0714-3 Atmospheric aerosols have probably masked a significant portion of the greenhouse-gas-induced warming so far. Research now shows that this also may have masked some of the world's increasing economic inequality.
Nature Climate Change, Published online: 17 February 2020; doi:10.1038/s41558-020-0706-3 Temperature affects the metabolic rates of species, their feeding interactions and their ability to persist in a given environment. Now research suggests that different effects of temperature on consumers and resources could cause food webs in cold climates to become less vulnerable to species loss, whereas tropical communities may be more vulnerable as temperatures climb.
Researchers at MIT, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), and Virginia Tech have developed a technique that they hope will help first responders quickly zero in on regions of the sea where missing objects or people are likely to be.