An ERC (European Research Council) Synergy grant of 12.8 million over six years (2020-2026) has been awarded to Alexander Sobolev (IsTerre, Grenoble), Stephan Sobolev (GFZ Potsdam, Germany) and John Valley (University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA) to study the evolution of Earth's chemical composition and the underlying physical processes from 4.4 billion years ago to present in a project entitled "Monitoring Earth Evolution through Time" (MEET).
The University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science and Maryland Sea Grant have been awarded a $2.5 million grant from the National Science Foundation to help grow the number and diversity of students in STEM fields as part of a $10 million, 8-institution SEAS Islands Alliance to engage underrepresented minority students from the US Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, and Guam in marine and environmental sciences.
Methane is a potent greenhouse gas added to the atmosphere through both natural and human activities. To predict the impacts of human emissions, researchers need a complete picture of the methane cycle. University of Rochester researchers used data science to determine how much methane is emitted from the ocean into the atmosphere each year. Their results fill a longstanding gap in methane cycle research and will help climate scientists assess the extent of human perturbations.
Scientists in the Indian and Pacific Oceans used the El Nino of 2016 -- the warmest year on record -- to evaluate the role of excess heat as the leading driver of coral bleaching and discovered the picture was more nuanced than existing models showed.
A satellite on schedule to launch in 2021 could offer a more comprehensive look at flooding in vulnerable, under-studied parts of the world, including much of Africa, South America and Indonesia, a new study has found.
New research suggests that over the next few decades, acting to reduce climate change is expected to cost much less than the damage otherwise inflicted by climate change on people, infrastructure and ecosystems.
A decade ago, Johan Rockström identified the limits to Earth's life support systems. From chemical polluiton to climate change, we're veering into the danger zone - so why is he (cautiously) optimistic about the future?